Catnip plants are plants that are loved by cats. So if you have a feline friend at home, be sure to protect your Catnip plants from them. Catnip plants can be planted inside or outside and can be used just as ornamental plants or harvested for use in culinary dshes. These plants also attract bees, birds, and butterflies to your gardens.
Common Name: Catnip/Catswort/Catmint/Cat Grass
Scientific Name: Nepeta Cataria
Scientific Background: Catnip is a member of the mint family, which has about 250 species. The plant’s medicinal properties include antitussive, astringent, anti-catarrhal, carminative, diaphoretic, slightly emmenagogue, refrigerant, sedative, slightly stimulant, stomachic, and tonic. Linnaeus is considered to be the first to ever write about this plant, which he described the plant in his works in both 1738 and 1753. The chemical nepetalactone is present in this plant and is the substance that causes cats and other felines to act abnormally. The chemical has this effect because of its similarities to the chemicals in male cat urine.
Blooms/Foliage: Catswort plants have delightful grayish green foliages that are also fragrant. This plant’s white and pale purple flowers are also fragrant and add nice touches of beauty.
Hardiness Zones: Catmint plants are native to Europe and Asia. Though it is native to Europe and Asia, Catnip has many growing regions in the U.S. which include Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.
Growth Habit: Catnip plants are tall plants that usually grow to heights of 2′-5′ and also reach widths of 2′-3′.
Exposure: Catswort mint plants enjoy being planted in areas of a garden that receive full sunlight.
Water: Gardeners who plant Catgrass plants should water the plants regularly but be sure to not overwater. If you forget about these plants, they’ll be fine due to their tolerance to drought weather.
Spread: Allow 15″-18″ of space between each plant to provide plenty of growing room.
Soil: Catswort Mint plants thrive in pretty much any soil they are planted in. The soil can be mildly acidic, neutral, or mildly alkaline.
Potential Handling Dangers: Catgrass plants may cause minor skin irritations.
Potential Plant Dangers: Catnip plants do not suffer from neither insects or diseases that are known of but they are commonly fiddled with by cats.
Helpful Tips: You can retrieve Catnip’s essential oil which contains the chemical terpenoid nepetalactone, by using the process of steam distillation. Use a wire netting to protect your Catnip plants from any feline company. Use this plant’s leaves to flavor meat dishes.