Being one of the most widely cultivated garden shrubs; Hydrangeas are prized for their beautiful flower blooms, and easy to maintain shrub nature. While most Hydrangeas are evergreen shrubs, some varieties are deciduous, and some are lianas, similar to vines. As a shrub, in most gardens, Hydrangeas typically reach a size of 3 to 10 feet in height with a similar spread. They enjoy bright light in a garden, and can handle morning sun, but enjoy shelter from hot afternoon sun, especially during summer months.
Hydrangea blooms form in compact clumps at the end of their branches, and come in a variety of colors. Pink, green, blue, white, and red are commonly found, and the minerals that are present in the soil at the base of the Hydrangea, or added to it, can greatly change or alter the colors of the plants blooms without harming the plant or its foliage. The blooms are very sensitive to soil pH, and bloom color can fade if soil acidity changes over time. Hydrangeas are very hardy, and can survive in most climates that have cold winters, dependent on variety. They can easily be trimmed back to keep shape each year, and are great shrubs to enjoy even after the flowers have faded and been removed.
Hydrangeas generally enjoy a soil that has a fair amount of organic material such as compost, and tend to struggle if the soil is poor or sandy. They require lots of water during their first year, but once they have become more established, and their root systems have had time to adjust, can tolerate a more regular watering schedule. Hydrangeas are very easy to care for, and do not require much attention aside from the occasional use of fertilizer or light pruning, and are great backdrops to a garden area, or a partly shaded area of the yard.